• Chief Signal Officer Albert Myer (standing) with fellow U.S. Army soldiers.

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The Weather Bureau

That same year, the Army Signal Corps was tasked with the creation of an effective weather service. The Secretary of War assigned Brigadier General Albert J. Myer to the newly created post of Chief Signal Officer. Before serving in the Civil War as a surgeon, Myer had worked as a telegraph operator in the state of New York. Under Myer’s care the Signal Service forecasting system grew in scope and effectiveness. Operating primarily as an aid to industrial agriculture, the Signal Corps issued daily weather summaries and predictions, and telegraphed these reports to and from agricultural centers across the country. Furthermore, because only very basic meteorology was taught at universities, the Army instituted its own educational program at Fort Whipple, Virginia.