Every regiment that marched onto the fields of battle was led by at least one flagbearer who was purposely positioned in the center front of the regiment. The flags were the largest and most colorful objects on the field. Through the smoke and terror of battle they acted as guide, symbol, and rallying point.
CITATION: Scaled the enemy's works and in a hand-to-hand fight helped capture the flag of the 18th Alabama Infantry (C.S.A.).
Private, Company H
11th Ohio Infantry
At Missionary Ridge, Tenn., 25 November 1863
CITATION: At the crisis of the engagement this soldier, a color bearer, stood alone in an advanced position, the regiment having been borne back, and defended his colors with musket and ammunition picked up at his feet.
Sergeant, Company I
20th Maine Infantry
At Gettysburg, Pa., 2 July 1863
CITATION: Under a heavy fire of musketry, rallied a few men to the support of the colors, in danger of capture and bore them to a place of safety. One of his comrades having been severely wounded in the effort, Sgt. Burns went back a hundred yards in the face of the enemy's fire and carried the wounded man from the field.
Sergeant, Company B
1st West Virginia Infantry
At New Market, Va., 15 May 1864
CITATION: Seized the 2 colors from the hands of a corporal and a lieutenant as they fell mortally wounded, and with a color in each hand advanced across the field to a point where the regiment was reformed on those colors.
Second Lieutenant, Company I,
19th Massachusetts Infantry
At Fredericksburg, Va., 13 December 1862