*Fun Fact

Flags could be visually similar and had to have recognizable shapes, colors and numbers to help distinguish them from a distance.

Capture

HOWARD, HIRAM R.

Rank and organization

Private, Company H
11th Ohio Infantry

Place and date

At Missionary Ridge, Tenn., 25 November 1863

Entered service at

Ohio

Birth

17 February 1843, Urbana, Ohio

Date of issue

29 July 1892

Citation

Scaled the enemy's works and in a hand-to-hand fight helped capture the flag of the 18th Alabama Infantry (C.S.A.)

Rally

BURNS, JAMES M.

Rank and organization

Sergeant, Company B
1st West Virginia Infantry

Place and date

At New Market, Va., 15 May 1864

Entered service at

Jefferson County, Ohio

Birth

Jefferson County, Ohio

Date of issue

20 November 1896

Citation

Under a heavy fire of musketry, rallied a few men to the support of the colors, in danger of capture and bore them to a place of safety. One of his comrades having been severely wounded in the effort, Sgt. Burns went back a hundred yards in the face of the enemy's fire and carried the wounded man from the field

Defend

TOZIER, ANDREW J.

Rank and organization

Sergeant, Company I
20th Maine Infantry

Place and date

At Gettysburg, Pa., 2 July 1863

Entered service at

Plymouth, Maine

Birth

Monmouth, Maine

Date of issue

13 August 1898

Citation

At the crisis of the engagement this soldier, a color bearer, stood alone in an advanced position, the regiment having been borne back, and defended his colors with musket and ammunition picked up at his feet

Advance

ADAMS, JOHN G. B.

Rank and organization

Second Lieutenant, Company I,
19th Massachusetts Infantry

Place and date

At Fredericksburg, Va., 13 December 1862

Entered service at

------

Birth

Groveland, Mass

Date of issue

16 December 1896

Citation

Seized the 2 colors from the hands of a corporal and a lieutenant as they fell mortally wounded, and with a color in each hand advanced across the field to a point where the regiment was reformed on those colors